2021年5月19日下午3：30到5：00，英国诺丁汉大学Walter J. B. van Heuven博士应双语认知与发展实验室邀请，为师生们带来一场题为“Watching captioned videos: Impact of mismatches between spoken and written information”的线上讲座。该讲座在Zoom上直播，吸引了近90位校内外师生参加。
Walter van Heuven博士线上讲座
针对这些问题，van Heuven博士通过修改电影中的字幕，运用眼动追踪技术，研究在控制条件、同音假词及近义词三个条件下成人观看电影时的注视轨迹和时长。研究发现：与控制组相比，在近义词和同音假词条件下，被试注视字幕的总时长更长；其中，当字幕为同音假词时，平均注视时间最长；与近义词条件相比，当字幕为同音假词时，被试能更好地记住与之相伴随的单词；英语母语者与非英语母语者的表现基本相似。随后，van Heuven博士介绍了儿童组实验的结果，并与成人组的数据进行对比分析，发现在平均注视时间上，儿童组实验结果与成人组基本相似；阅读水平高的儿童在拼写错误单词上的总停留时间比阅读水平低的儿童更长，前者也花更多时间看字幕而非画面。
van Heuven博士研究的视角十分新颖，引人深思。讲座结束后，听众反响热烈，提出了许多高质量问题。van Heuven博士详尽地回答了大家的问题。
Lecture by Doctor Walter van Heuven on “Watching captioned videos: Impact of mismatches between spoken and written information”
On May 19, 2021, Doctor Walter van Heaven from the University of Nottingham was invited by the lab to give an online talk entitled “Watching captioned videos: Impact of mismatches between spoken and written information”. The talk was given via Zoom, attracting almost 90 participants.
Dr. van Heuven first pointed out that as an information-rich resource, subtitles are very common in movies and TV shows. A large number of studies in the last 30 years have focused on the impact of captions on foreign language learning and teaching. After introducing a series of empirical studies on caption processing, he proposed the following research questions: To what extent do native and non-native English speakers read English subtitles in an English spoken film? Do viewers notice mismatches/ errors in the subtitles? Does the mismatched information impact memory?
To answer these questions, Dr. van Heuven used the eye-tracking technique to collect data from adult participants under three conditions by manipulating critical words in subtitles: correct words, pseudohomophones, and synonyms. He found that the total time spent on pseudohomophones and synonyms was longer than on correct words, and that the mean fixation duration was longer in the pseudohomophone condition. Memory for spoken words was improved when combined with pseudohomophones. In addition, the results of native and non-native speakers were similar. Furthermore, Dr. van Heuven partially replicated his experiment among children. Children spent more time on words with spelling errors than correct words, which was particularly true among children with higher reading skill. More skilled children also spent more time reading subtitles than less skilled children did.
The talk provided a novel perspective and enlightened the audience. During the Q&A session, Doctor van Heuven answered questions at length for the audience.